Lung cancer is a relatively uncommon cancer. Many thousands of people are suffering from lung cancer. Just 12,370 people are diagnosed with lung cancer each year. At an early stage, it shows no symptoms. Lung cancer can come in several different forms and affect different areas of your lung. You can learn more about lung cancer by searching online. If you find it online, you can learn how to spot its signs and symptoms.
Here are some symptoms of lung cancer.
Chronic cough is the largest symptom of lung cancer
Constant feeling of tiredness and weakness
Blood in sputum
Chronic chest pain
Difficulty in breathing
Unexplained weight loss
Joint and body pain accompanied by headache
It’s important to understand just how great your risk for lung cancer might be. Your risk for lung cancer can be higher if you:
Use tobacco products like smoking and chewing varieties.
Don’t eat enough vegetables and fruits.
Drink alcohol excessively.
Are diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease
Lung Cancer and Smoking
Smoking is considered the largest risk point to cause lung cancer in 90 out of 100 people. Apart from this, pipe-smoking and cigar smoking are considered dangerous items to cause lung cancer. According to most experts, most tobacco products consist of more than 7000 chemicals in them out of which 70 of those chemicals are known for causing lung cancer.
Stages of Lung Cancer
The treatment of lung cancer completely depends on the stage of the lung cancer. Its stages are as below.
Stage 1: it's the start stage of lung cancer where a small portion of the lung is infected without spreading outside the lungs.
Stage 2: during this stage, cancer has infected completely. Additionally, cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
Stage 3: Cancer spreads in the lungs and lymph nodes present at the center of the chest.
Stage 3A: Cancer spreads altogether lymph nodes present on one side of the chest where it initially started.
Stage 3B: Cancer spreads in lymph nodes on the opposite side of the chest.
Stage 4: Cancer spreads in both lungs and areas around the lungs and gradually moves to other organs.
Treatment of Lung Cancer
Once you have been diagnosed with lung cancer, a team of doctors coordinates together to discuss ways to treat lung cancer. The team includes –
A thoracic surgeon
A medical oncologist
A radiation oncologist
Some of the best treatment methods of the lung cancer are –
Surgery is the best therapy for lung cancer. It is saved for those individuals who are diagnosed at a beginning phase. In this treatment, a portion of the fully infected lung is removed based on the severity of the infection.
It is the second-biggest therapy alternative for lung cancer. In this therapy, the infected areas of the lung are focused on by radiation from a moving machine, while the patient rests on a table. Presently, combined treatment of chemotherapy and radiation is suggested for those patients who are suffering from Stage III lung cancer and who are not candidates for surgery.
The therapy consolidates the usage of drugs to destroy cancer cells. These drugs are impelled either orally or through veins in your arms. The drugs are solidified to give a movement of treatment for a few weeks or months. Chemotherapy is by and large done social gatherings to obliterate any cancer cells deserted. Chemotherapy is furthermore gotten together with the radiation interaction for treatment of Stage III cancer cell and is regularly the single treatment decision for Stage IV illness.
Targeted Drug Therapy
Patients suffering from Stage IV lung cancer because of a particular kind of change in disease cells (EGFR, ALK, ROS, MET, and so on) are prescribed to go through designated drug treatment. The anomaly in the cell is blocked using drugs to kill cancer cells. With progression in disease examination and medical science, these medications have definitely worked on the survival pace of advanced-stage cancer.
Immunotherapy is a new way of lung cancer treatment. In this process, many types of drugs spread through the given through intravenous route. Besides this, the treatment is specially designed for those patients who are suffering from lung cancer.
The last treatment option is for lung cancer diseases. It is designed to care to improve life for patients suffering from Stage III cancer. The treatment option is only supportive care that helps in improving fatigue, treating vomiting, and relieving pain.